Irene is an IRC Government of Ireland PhD scholar and NUI Travelling Doctoral Scholarship recipient at the UCD School of Archaeology (World Heritage). Her research focuses on the importance of indigenous-led conservation of World Heritage, how indigenous peoples in Canada are challenging international heritage law in order to protect their collective land and cultural landscape. Irene holds degrees in Sociology and Geography and a Masters in Sociology and Social Research from UCD. Her publications include Untangling the Concept of Cultural Landscapes: A critical Review (Advances in Cultural Heritage Studies, Mazu Press, 2020) and 'Coloniality, Natural World Heritage and Indigenous Peoples: A Critical Analysis of World Heritage Cultural Governance.' In: Albert, M-T and Cave, C. (Eds) 50 Years World Heritage Convention: Shared Responsibility - Conflict and Reconciliation (Springer Nature, 2022).